Scale-Up and Scale-Out

Storage capacity is becoming a real challenge for IT departments because the amount of data most companies use is growing faster than expected. Choosing the right way to scale IT storage infrastructure is vital to building a balanced, robust and cost-effective production environment.

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Problem of Scaling Storage Infrastructure

Scale-up is one approach to increasing the capacity or performance of a storage system or server. Despite seeming simple it presents a number of problems:

  • There are constraints to physical system upgrades: once all disk, CPU, PCI, and RAM slots are occupied, it’ s impossible to improve performance by adding components.
  • There will always come a point when a forklift upgrade is needed. Old hardware and parts have to be reused or sold, otherwise the TCO will go through the roof.
  • Scaling up a small number of systems increases the performance impact on the configuration in case of a failure. In an environment relying on a few big systems, a failover causes a significant impact on the configuration: imagine hundreds of VMs and applications simultaneously starting on a system that is already running the same number of tasks. This produces a powerful IO hit on the storage subsystem and often results in worse performance or application crashes due to slow IO. To avoid this, an adequate power reserve has to be maintained, however this is inefficient and causes a dramatic increase in the TCO since the power reserve is mostly idle and cannot be used for applications or VMs.

Updating individual systems with more CPU, RAM and disks has been a typical approach for the last two decades. Servers mostly ran single applications so each server had to be upgraded. This caused many inconvenient issues like after - hours upgrades and significant amounts of downtime. Applying this model to a modern virtualized data center means we’ d be powering off an entire infrastructure since one server or storage system could be hosting most of a company’ s applications and data. With today’ s business pace and uptime requirements it may be simply unacceptable for a business to go offline even for 5 minutes.

Scale-up has physical limits


Scale-Out Solution from StarWind

Scale-Out by StarWind Virtual SAN is an approach with modern virtualization in mind. It is a much more effective and cost-efficient alternative than scaling up. The idea behind scale-out is to grow both storage and compute power by adding additional nodes instead of disks, CPUs, NICs or RAM to individual systems. Increasing the number of nodes increases reliability by eliminating single points of failure. It also gives customers a more flexible computing environment by treating all servers as a unified compute and storage resource pool. Adding nodes with the same hardware configuration isn’t necessary. Customers can add performance-tuned or capacity-tuned nodes depending on their IT environment requirements.

Scale-out by adding nodes


Take Advantage of Scale-out vs Scale-up Approach from StarWind

Implementing the scale-out approach versus a scale-up one provides you with a robust, well-balanced and easily scalable configuration. The scale-out approach gives IT administrators the following significant advantages:

  • Managing a scale-out cluster is very easy and requires no downtime. The IT infrastructure is easily upgraded by adding nodes. Old hardware can be taken out of use without downtime.
  • The performance impact in case of a failure is much lower compared to the scale-up approach. Should any node fail, all VMs and applications failover and re-balance between multiple nodes of the scale-out cluster, thus it doesn’t cause an IO hit on the production environment.
  • Implementing the scale-out approach will lower your OpEx and TCO because the configuration doesn’t require time-consuming forklift upgrades or after-hours maintenance.
What The World Says About Us

StarWind included as Niche Player for the third consecutive time in 2020 Magic Quadrant for HCI

Success Stories

We were able to build 2-node storage clusters based on virtualization in 19 hypermarkets without any problems and with high cost-efficiency.

Vass Sandor, IT Infrastructure Leader

By being able to virtualize our environment with StarWind, we were able to retire some old hardware, get our services highly available, reduce power consumption and heat in our server closet.

David Gardner, Information Systems Manager

We are satisfied with StarWind. The support is really fantastic. Whenever any issue arises, the response is very prompt, and solution is immediate.

Srinivas Kouda, Company’s Representative

StarWind got us off the clustered environment, which was a big help. So, I could regain control of my storage and reclaim and redistribute the space we desperately needed.

Ryan Fulton, Company’s Representative

Price + Simplicity. StarWind VSAN offers great pricing and allows us to get work done without expensive custom hardware. It also makes getting back online quick and easy after an outage or hardware failure.

Aaron Hayes, IT Manager

We chose StarWind Mainly because of the cost compared to other vendors. Simplicity of setup was also a major factor and I like the fact that you don’t need a vendor certified engineer to perform the installation.

John Harris, Windows System Administrator,
Department of Physics, University of Oxford

Because of recommendations of older colleagues, with StarWind, we got a reliable storage with no additional hardware. There was a need to increase IT infrastructure performance and we saw StarWind as the most cost-effective solution.

Željko Medić, Director of IT Department

StarWind is the best storage product I have ever used! It satisfies and exceeds requirements.

Joe Gursky, Director of IT
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