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Understanding RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 10, and RAID 01: Comprehensive Guide to RAID Configurations (Part 1)

  • May 16, 2024
  • 8 min read
StarWind Head of Marketing. Vlad has more than 12 years of IT experience, specializing in cloud, virtualization, and data protection. He possesses extensive knowledge in architecture planning, storage systems, hardware sourcing, and research.
StarWind Head of Marketing. Vlad has more than 12 years of IT experience, specializing in cloud, virtualization, and data protection. He possesses extensive knowledge in architecture planning, storage systems, hardware sourcing, and research.

If you’re a technology enthusiast or work in IT, you’re likely familiar with the term ‘RAID’. RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) – is a storage virtualization technology that groups several disks together to appear as one or more logical volumes to an external system, like a server.

RAIDs are used for improving performance and redundancy of a storage system. RAID configurations can reduce access times and boost data throughput. Additionally, specific RAID levels can tolerate the failure of one or more disks without any data loss. These capabilities aren’t mutually exclusive, as certain RAID configurations deliver both speed and fault tolerance. However, these benefits do come with trade-offs.

Now, let’s take a quick look at some common RAID types, such as RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 10, and RAID 01, along with their advantages and disadvantages.

What is RAID 0?

Overview of RAID 0

RAID 0, often referred to as striping, is a setup that involves dividing data into blocks and spreading them evenly across two or more disks. This method enhances the speed of both read and write operations significantly, as multiple drives are read and written to simultaneously.

Performance and Storage Capacity

The primary advantage of RAID 0 is its ability to maximize both performance and storage capacity. By utilizing multiple disks, RAID 0 effectively combines the storage space of the drives involved, making the total capacity equal to the sum of all disks in the array. For example, if two 1TB drives are used, the total capacity will be 2TB.

Considerations and Risks

It is crucial to note that RAID 0 does not provide data redundancy. This means that if one disk fails, all data on the array is lost. Therefore, RAID 0 is best suited for situations where speed is crucial and data can be easily reproduced or backed up externally. RAID 0 is also a good fit for storing temporary data such as cache.

What is RAID 1?

Understanding RAID 1

RAID 1, known as mirroring, involves copying identical data onto two or, rarely, more disks. This is a straightforward approach to creating a highly reliable data storage environment, as it provides the highest data redundancy.

RAID 1| Mirroring

Data Redundancy and Reliability

Each disk in a RAID 1 setup is an exact mirror of the other. If one disk fails, the system can instantly switch to the other without any loss of data, offering a robust fault tolerance. This setup is ideal for critical data storage where reliability is more important than capacity.

Performance and Storage Efficiency

While RAID 1 doubles the read speed due to two disks serving the same data, write speeds are generally slightly slower because data must be written to multiple disks simultaneously. Additionally, the total storage capacity is effectively halved, as each disk contains an exact copy of the data.

What are RAID 10 and RAID 01?

RAID 10 Explained

RAID 10, also known as RAID 1+0, combines the techniques of RAID 1 and RAID 0. It first mirrors the data across pairs of disks for redundancy and then stripes across these mirrored pairs for improved performance.

RAID 10 | RAID 1+0 | Sitripe + Mirror

Advantages of RAID 10

This setup provides both speed and redundancy, making it an excellent choice for environments where both are critical. RAID 10 is well-suited for databases and other applications requiring high read and write speeds, coupled with a high level of data security.

RAID 01 Explained

RAID 01, or RAID 0+1, is the reverse of RAID 10. It first stripes the data across multiple disks and then mirrors this set to another set of disks.

RAID 01 | RAID 0+1 | Mirror + Sitripe

Considerations for RAID 01

While RAID 01 offers benefits similar to RAID 10, it is generally less favored and rarely used due to its inefficiency in handling disk failures. If one disk in a striped set fails, the entire subset fails, and the system must rely on the mirrored subset, potentially impacting performance and reliability.


Choosing the right RAID configuration depends on your specific needs concerning speed, capacity, and redundancy. RAID 0 is excellent for maximum speed and capacity, RAID 1 for maximum redundancy, and RAID 10 is a great choice for balance of speed and redundancy. By understanding the strengths and limitations of each RAID level, you can optimize your data storage strategy for maximum efficiency and reliability. Stay tuned for more articles covering other popular RAID configurations and diving deep into their use cases.

Hey! Found Vladislav’s article helpful? Looking to deploy a new, easy-to-manage, and cost-effective hyperconverged infrastructure?
Alex Bykovskyi
Alex Bykovskyi StarWind Virtual HCI Appliance Product Manager
Well, we can help you with this one! Building a new hyperconverged environment is a breeze with StarWind Virtual HCI Appliance (VHCA). It’s a complete hyperconverged infrastructure solution that combines hypervisor (vSphere, Hyper-V, Proxmox, or our custom version of KVM), software-defined storage (StarWind VSAN), and streamlined management tools. Interested in diving deeper into VHCA’s capabilities and features? Book your StarWind Virtual HCI Appliance demo today!